Climatic fluctuation and breeding efforts to mitigate: A review
Climate change is deviations from the average atmospheric state produced by both natural and anthropogenic. Deforestation and greenhouse gas such as CO2, CH4 and N2O are the main factors of causing climatic fluctuation. Climatic fluctuation has direct and indirect effects on agricultural production and productivity as well as on social healthy. Phonological changes, phenotypic changes, morphological changes, effects on plant production and landscape changes are direct while effects on soil, fertility, water quality pest and disease incidence and drought problem are indirect effects of climate changes. Different action has to be taken to tackle the difficult situation of climatic fluctuation. Rapid breeding cycles, developing drought resistant varieties, soil carbon sequestration, and rehabilitating degraded land are the main action.