Production economics and technology adoption of spring rice at Eastern Chitwan of Nepal
Jaishi Ajay, Marahatta Santosh and Jha Ritesh Kumar
This study was conducted to know the production economics and modern agro-technology adoption by the farmers of the Eastern Chitwan who grow spring rice prior to main season rice. Altogether 48 samples were taken by simple random sampling technique which includes 24 from Rapti municipality and other 24 from Khairahani municipality. Survey method was used to collect primary information through a semi-structured interview schedule. The analysis showed that the average age of the household head was 43.62 and 53.29 in Rapti and Khairahani municipality respectively. Insect pest, storage and disease infestation were top three major problems reported by the farmers of Rapti municipality whereas disease infestation, insect pest and labour scarcity were of Khairahani municipality The average production cost and average net return per ha in Rapti municipality were found Rs. 99099 ± 6147 and Rs. 110546±4293 respectively and in Khairahani municipality was Rs. 86349 ± 3885 and Rs. 104420±4958 respectively. The average benefit-cost ratio of the spring rice was found higher in Khairahani municipality (1.26) than in Rapti municipality (1.15) indicating the more efficient production practice in Khairahani municipality. The Technology of soil testing, herbicide application, zinc dose and mechanical harvesting were significantly influenced by the location whereas education, gender and training received had not significantly influenced the age of seedling, herbicide application, seed replacement, NPK dose, zinc dose, seed rate, mechanical harvesting and mechanical threshing.